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Geography: geography 10 ways thinking

1, convergent thinking method

are from different sources, in different directions exploring the thinking of one correct answer. As Professor of Chinese climatologist Zhu kezhen through long-term temperature, barometric pressure, wind direction and humidity climatic elements observed and carefully observe the beginning of ice freeze, melt, as well as Phenology was obtained in the past 5,000 years of climate change.

2, law of reverse thinking

This is apostasy General, conclusions pushed causes or conditions by way of thinking. For example, in Qinghai-Tibet plateau in recent years discovered Karst terrain, this anomaly interpretation? According to the natural conditions of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau is now, cannot form a Karst topography. But if the fruit by Soin, to seek answers from the history of development of the Qinghai-Tibet plateau, the problem is solved.

3, counterfactual thinking method

this way the scientific hypothesis, which we often say. Limited due to the level of science and technology conditions, people in the course of practice, can't quite understand the emergence and development of the phenomenon of some laws, often by means of speculation, making assumptions. As Wagner in this way puts the "continental drift". Scientists on the Eastern Mediterranean next presents "die out", and "dry", and "spreading" three hypotheses.

4, method of divergent thinking

proliferation of divergent thinking and thinking, refers to when faced with a problem, to solve the problem as the goal, multi-directional, multi-angle, multiple layers of intelligence activities, seeking a variety of thinking of the answer. Plant trees what? Using divergent thinking to answer for, forests provide wood, purify the air, smoke dust, water conservation, soil and water conservation, landscaping, and so on.

5, thinking in terms of law

this way of thinking method is the use of natural images. In carrying out the map when caused by map students thinking in terms of three factors: one is the spatial relationships, such as map range and longitude; the second is geography, such as mountains, rivers, Islands, three legend symbols, such as color, contour lines on a map, the city circle, and so on. Through observation of the map, students from three aspects of thinking in terms of activities, helps students to form a variety of geographic spatial and geographical knowledge to understand and remember.

6, associative thinking method

This is known from the geographic concepts and thought processes about other geographical concepts in contact with one another. Lenovo has the "vertical" and "horizontal" two divergent forms. Vertical comparing geographical things from all stages of development, such as the evolutionary history of the Earth's crust, you can compare the Paleozoic, Mesozoic and Cenozoic evolution of biological stages of the. Cross slope is comparing geographical things and other things, nature such as Madagascar and China's Taiwan natural comparison.

7, analogy method

analysis and comparison of analogical thinking through associations, synthesis, geography, geography has been known as the rule, thinking experiences linked to the geographical phenomena, processes and research, find out their similarities, and used similar methods to analyze, problem solving thinking. When we talk about contour line, isobars, such as precipitation, compared students and teachers prompted the contour, you can address these concepts.

8, deductive thinking method

This is determined by the general geographic principles to infer the individual geographical distribution and development way of thinking. Eastern Mediterranean-type climate is characterized by hot and dry summers and mild and rainy winters. Southwest corner of the African continent is Eastern Mediterranean-type climate, so there will be hot and dry in summer and mild and rainy winters.

9, induction method

induction is a series of specific geographic facts outlined general principles of geography, or by special geographic general geographic principles are derived way of thinking of things. In the North of the Yellow River, the haihe River, liaohe River, in addition to their respective features, have large amount of sediment, water, common features such as freeze, which summarizes and shows general characteristics of river hydrology in northern China.

10, disjunctive process of elimination

disjunctive exclusion refers to in order to get the right answer, based on the existing material to make a series of assumptions, then verified, excluding those assumptions stand one by one, the rest is the correct answer. As the lowest-lying countries in the world are: (1), Finland (2), Switzerland (3), Iceland (4) Netherlands, beside the disjunctive process of elimination determines the answer is (4).