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The creative education in geography teaching

Teaching reform of education has become an important subject for research and experimentation, in the new curriculum reform of today, in the cultivation of innovation quality in the teaching of geography, have a unique advantage. Geography also involving natural science and Humanities and social aspects of the knowledge, comprehensive, practical, strong era, to stir the desire of students to question, explore, imagine and create. So, just try to use scientific methods to stimulate students ' creative consciousness, inspiring students ' innovative thinking and cultivating students ' innovation ability, can not only develop their geography, but also develop students beyond the self, innovative character, so as to achieve the goal of cultivating innovative talents.


first, present problems in geography teaching in middle schools


today's more common problems in geography teaching in middle school: one is to simply imparting knowledge as the main target, ignore the ability of; to exhaustive knowledge to students as teaching goals, even a simple restatement of the teaching material, scripted, key grip, difficult process broken, lack of student learning, thinking and creativity. Second is the exclusive platform for teachers, play, students listen to, passive, rote learning. A lesson is "a piece of chalk and a Blackboard, textbook, lecture" teaching effect difference, not to mention the students ' active role, not to mention inspire the students ' creative thinking, affecting the quality of teaching. Third knowledge classroom as a "unique" way, do not attach importance to other forms such as extracurricular activities, students get beyond textbooks, not to cultivate students ' innovative awareness of the environment.


Second, the measures to cultivate innovative talents


1. stimulating innovation consciousness


innovation refers to people in social activities, initiated innovation activities in the conception and consciousness, characterized by emphasis on innovation, the pursuit of innovation activities and interests and desires. It is human consciousness in a positive and fruitful manifestation, is the starting point for creative activities and inherent power of the people, innovative consciousness include motivation, creative interest, creativeness and innovation will, and so on.


(1) in order to create an atmosphere that encourages innovation and imagination. Teachers must respect the principal position of students in class teaching, changing from imparting knowledge to guide students to think, encourages students to research and innovation. Creation, freedom, democracy, equality and harmonious teaching atmosphere, forming a free space of thinking, put students in a relaxed state of mind, positive thinking, Zhang Cheng, dare to Maverick, break, doubt everything. To this end, teachers believe students with creative potential on the basis of, and fully mobilize the students ' thinking and imagination. As appropriate in class allow students to raise their hands to ask questions, talk about the spark of thought allowed students and teachers argue class a question often asked, "what do you think? "" What do you think? "" Your opinion "," your views? "" Do you have any different ideas? "" Think again? "To encourage students to express their views freely. Eliminate mistakes as far as possible the burden.


(2) to foster students ' interest. To enable students to future innovations in the fields of geography, it is necessary to cultivate students ' interest in this course. To this end, teachers should educate students to fully understand the purpose and significance of studying geography, confidently explained to students learning geography students of an important role, show the charm of subject knowledge.


2. inspire innovative thinking


creative thinking refers to reflections on the connections between things than ever before, creating a new way of thinking, is the sum of all new modes of thinking.


compared to conventional thinking and creative thinking in the teaching of geography has several characteristics, namely, fluency, flexibility, and of specific, comprehensive, images. Therefore, the geo-spatial thinking ability is actually on the geographic observation and analysis, integrated capabilities, as well as the geographic understanding, memory and knowledge transfer capabilities.


(1) training of divergent thinking of students


divergent thinking is born out of known information varies a lot, new and unique information in a different direction, in a different scope, does not follow the traditional way of thinking. Divergent thinking is the core of creative thinking. No divergence of thought, there is no concentration of thought, different and original. Cultivating students ' divergent thinking, we ought to inspire students to reflect on the same issue from a different perspective. In classroom teaching, attention should be paid more than one solution, one thought, one changeable and inducing students to think from different angles, different sides and looking for answers, as much as possible, as new, unique problem-solving ideas, methods.


(2) strengthening converse thinking training


reverse thinking is to create an effective method. Face the problem of innovation, when from the front to break through, and if they can, in turn, thought, or reversed to consider, it will be able to get different ideas, new inventions. In the geography section is necessary to seize the opportunity to strengthen the training of reverse thinking, promote the flow of thought. If teachers can design of geography teaching materials in conjunction with some extraordinary examples, hypothetical conjecture, let students answer or practice can not only enrich students ' imaginations, deepen understanding of the positive things and broaden the students ' thinking, training students ' creative thinking ability, resulting in a multiplier effect.


(3) strengthening reading mapping training, strengthening the image of thought


geographic distribution in a certain space, geography is a space for the study of science, with outstanding characteristics of space, composition of geographical terrain, climate and other geographical factors linked to them by means of geographic image display, in order to clearly understand. Geographic image direct, concise expression and its characteristics of geographical phenomena. Pay attention to the use of geographic image, especially read mapping skills training helps memory, understanding, application of knowledge, and cultivating creative thinking. In addition, teachers in the usual teaching, in addition to using all kinds of ready-made images (illustrations, maps, books, etc), but also in conjunction with textbooks teaching the creatively transforming text into image, resulting in spatial thinking ability of the students on the basis of further cultivating the image of thought. For example, explain the Sun Traverse between the Tropic of the law, if simple language description, students mastered this knowledge point takes a lot of energy if design sketch, talking and painting, into a diagram, you can play a multiplier role.


third, cultivate innovation ability


1. questions allow students to discover


good at asking questions, identify problems, quality is not only a valuable learning, is also an important source of innovation and quality. Let students find the problem, put forward ideas to solve the problem, find out ways to solve the problem, put forward new problems, which are essential to cultivating students ' innovation ability. By thinking and exploration, deepen the understanding of the knowledge and deepening, training the students ' creative thinking ability.


2. allow students to feel


learning scientific knowledge, is to let the students simply memorizing and reciting the results, or for students to feel, to understand knowledge generation and development process, the key to this is to cultivate students ' innovative ability. Therefore, in the teaching of geography, should ask students not to blindly accept passive memory and knowledge transfer from textbook or teacher, but take the initiative to explore human knowledge into the learning process again of participatory activities.


3. conclusion ask students to summarize the


for example, in the study "Yangtze River" Festival, the causes of floods of the Yangtze River, to the students in advance of learning objectives: (1) what are the reasons? (2) what are human? (3) do you think floods of the Yangtze River increased mainly because of natural causes or man-made causes? As students made a lot of preparations, so the presentation so overwhelming that even formed a "natural" and "artificial" intense scenes of the two armies. Two examples, opinions, argument after argument, and finally reached a consensus and agreed that human activity rising floods to the Yangtze River.


innovation is a major task of implementing quality education, education in national economic and social development in view of the fundamental strategic position, decided it must vigorously promote the spirit of innovation, this is an urgent task in education, especially basic education. Cultivating the innovation quality of trans-century talents, our geography teacher is duty-bound.